Methodology: GIS and Remote Sensing

A geographic(al) information system (GIS) is "a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data" (Wikipedia definition), which is nowadays increasingly connected to remote sensing because the related satellite imagery or air photos provide large-scale, relatively accurate and affordable, and quickly-obtainable spatial data. The CHES group heavily uses many types of GIS and remote sensing data, such as georeferenced census data, vegetation plot data, web-based survey data, Landsat imagery, and high-resolution images (e.g., QuickBird) to detect various landscape patterns, to recover or simulate the related processes, and to find out possible mechanisms that generate the data.

Relatedly, we develop metrics and methods to extract information from GIS and remote sensing data. See the latent trajectory modeling with ESF, land survival analysis, and space-time analysis. Also past and current CHES members have developed a digital hemispherical photography (DHP) vegetation plot survey protocol that helps collect relatively accurate, on-site forest cover data and train the corresponding imagery for large-scale information extraction (e.g., classification). See more detail about our ground level reference data collection and processing as well as Landsat CFC processing. Below is a list of exemplar papers for our work in this regard.

Thermal Infrared Data.

Readings and References:

An, L., M. Tsou, S. Crook, B. Spitzberg, J.M. Gawron, and D.K. Gupta (2015). Space-time analysis: Concepts, quantitative methods, and future directions. Annals of Association of American Geographers 105(5):891-914.

Linderman, M., S. Bearer, L. An, Y. Tan, Z. Ouyang, and J. Liu (2005). The effects of understory bamboo on broad-scale estimates of giant panda habitat. Biological Conservation 121(2005):383-390.

Linderman, M., J. Liu, J. Qi, Z. Ouyang, L. An, J. Yang, and Y. Tan (2004). Using artificial neural networks to map the spatial distribution of understory bamboo from remote sensing data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25(9):1685-1700.

Tsai, Y., D. Stow, L. Shi, R. Lewison, and L. An (2016). Quantifying canopy fractional cover and change in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, China using Multi-temporal Landsat imagery. Remote Sensing Letters 7(7):671-680.

Tsai, Y., D. Stow, H. Chen, R. Lewison, L. An, and L. Shi (2018). Mapping vegetation and land cover types in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve using Google Earth Engine. Remote Sensing 2018, 10, 927. doi:10.3390/rs10060927.

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